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何香凝
会员类别:国画
会员级别:名家
何香凝(1878-1972)是孙中山先生的亲密战友,是廖仲恺先生的革命伴侣。她不仅是一位杰出的革命家和政治活动家,而且是一位在海内外享有盛誉的著名画家。 20世纪初,何香凝和廖仲恺在孙中山的领导下,从事辛亥革命和反对南北军阀的斗争;1924年,前后协助孙中山制定新三民主义革命纲领,改组国民党,促成同中国共产党的合作。1927年大革命失败后,她坚持孙中山“联俄、联共、扶助农工”的三大政策。抗日战争时期,她极力反对国民党政府的卖国、独裁、内战的反动政策,致力于抗日救亡运动和爱国民主运动。解放战争时期,她团结国民党的民主力量,组建国民党革命委员会,响应中国共产党召开新政治协商会议的号召。她为新中国的建立做出了重大而特殊的贡献。 新中国成立后,何香凝历任中央人民政府委员,华侨事务委员会主任,中国国民党革命委员会主席,全国妇联名誉主席,政协全国委员会副主席,全国人大常委会副委员长等职,她还被选为中国美术家协会主席。 何香凝的画作讲究立意,她常借对松、梅、狮、虎及山川等的描绘,抒情明志。她的充满斗争之意的作品不仅记录着本世纪初叶以来的变幻风云,是中国现代史的缩影,同时也是她七十年革命生涯和高尚品德,人格的生动写照。她的作品造诣高深,是中华民族画菀中的瑰宝。 Mme.He Xiangning(1878-1972),a close comrade-in-arms of Dr.Sun Yat-sen as well as the wife-and-revolutionary-companion of Mr.Liao Zhongkai,was not only a prominent revolutionary and a political activist,but also a renowned painter enjoying high prestige both at home and abroad. In the early years of the 20th century,under the leadership of Dr.Sun Yat-sen,Mme.He Xiangning,along with Mr.Liao Zhongkai,joined the Revolution of 1911 and participated in the struggle against the warlords in south and north China.Around 1924,they assisted Dr.Sun in formulating the revolutionary programme of the new Three People's Principles,reorganizing the Kuomintang and bringing about its cooperation with the Communist Party of China.After the failure of the Great Revolution in 1927,Mme.He Xiangning continued to adhere to Dr.Sun's three cardinal policies of alliance with Russia,cooperation with the Chinese Communist Party and assistance to the peasants and workers.During the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression,she strained her utmost efforts to oppose the Kuomintang government for its reactionary policy of national betrayal,dictatorship and civil war,and devoted herself to national salvation against Japanese aggression and the patriotic movement for democracy.During the War of Liberation,she rallied democratic elements within the Kuomintang to establish the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (RCCK) and responded to the call of the Chinese Communist Party for the convocation of a new political consutative conference.She made important and distinctive contributions to the founding of new China. After the founding of new China,Mme.He Xiangning served successively as Member of the Central Pcople's Government,Chairperson of the Committee for Overseas Chinese Affairs,Chairperson of RCCK,Honorary Chairperson of the All-China Women's Federation,Vice-Chairperson of the National Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Vice-Chairperson of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.She was also elected Chairperson of the Chinese Artists' Association. Spiritual metaphor is crucial in Mme. He's art creation.She often painted pine tree,plum blossom,bamboo,lion,tiger and landscape to express her emotions and aspirations.Her works,permeated with a fighting will, are not only a record of the vicissitudes since the beginning of this century and an epitome of China's modern history,but also a vivid portrayal of her seventy-year-long career as revolutionary and her noble character and personality.Her works,which are of high attainments,are gems in the art world of Chinese national paintings.
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